Posts Tagged ‘Terrorism’

“Fifth Generation War”

January 18, 2009

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War has evolved rapidly in the last 100 years, prompting historians and strategists to come up with new terms for new ways of fighting. They call mechanized warfare, which originated in the early 20th century, the third “generation” of war, and ideological warfare waged by guerilla groups the fourth.

But what about guerilla-style warfare waged by non-ideological groups against traditional states — pirates, for instance, whose attacks can destabilize trade-dependent nations, but who don’t have strategic goals beyond just getting rich? Free-for-all violence, with indirect global effects, represents a fifth generation of war, according to some experts. And when it comes to defeating fifth-gen enemies, “the old rules of warfare do not apply,” declared Marine Lt. Col. Stanton Coerr, writing in Marine Corps Gazette, a professional journal.

So the U.S. military and its government partners are writing new rules, and putting them to the test on the first of the fifth-generation battlefields emerging in Africa.

Fifth-gen enemies do not have traditional “centers of gravity” — armies, governments, factories, charismatic leaders — that can be destroyed by military attacks. By their mere survival, these enemies undermine the notion that nation-states, their ideals and their economies are viable in the modern world.

Examples of emerging fifth-generation wars include: Read the entire article at World Politics Review

Nuclear Threat Detection For Panama Canal

January 6, 2009

New nuclear threat detection technologies are currently operating in Panama after a recent agreement with the U.S. National Nuclear Security Administration.

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The United States and Panama recently reached an agreement that paved the way for the NNSA, in partnership with the Manzanillo International Terminal and others, to install advanced radiation detection systems at the Panama Canal’s Atlantic and Pacific Ocean megaports, the NNSA reported.

Read the full upi report

America’s Waterways Watch Program

December 27, 2008
Naval Calendar 2009

Naval Calendar 2009

Our Naval Calendar 2009 features 13 images of US Navy and allied naval forces in action. Buy the Naval Calendar 2009 exclusively at the PatriArt Gallery for only $ 19.99. Worldwide delivery available.

The US Coast Guard is calling on American civil and recreational mariners and boaters to keep a watch out for potential terrorist and national security threats.

Read more about the America’s Waterways Watch Program

John McCain Foresees Afghanistan Surge Success

December 9, 2008
Naval Calendar 2009

Naval Calendar 2009

The US Navy destroyer USS John S. McCain graces the front of our TEAMultimedia Naval Calendar 2009. Our Naval Calendar 2009 features 13 images of US Navy and allied naval forces in action. Buy the Naval Calendar 2009 exclusively at the PatriArt Gallery for only $ 19.99. Worldwide delivery available.

“Here in Afghanistan and in neighboring Pakistan we’re at a tough place, but we have confidence that working with our allies here, working with the people of Afghanistan and Pakistan, with the new effort and the new resources that will be brought in we can conclude these fights as successfully as we’re progressing in Iraq,” US Senator John S. McCain said while touring war-torn Afghanistan. Read the complete article.

Got Your Six!

December 6, 2008

A US Navy sniper in a helicopter covers a Navy SEAL special operations force boarding team searching a ship during a Weapons of Mass Destruction exercise.

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US Counter-Terrorism in Sub-Saharan Africa

September 11, 2008
USS Gonzalez

USS Gonzalez

A rainbow welcomes US Navy AEGIS destroyer USS Gonzalez (DDG 66) to Mombasa, Kenya. Find this beautiful picture as a poster or framed art print starting at $ 7.99 at The PatriArt Gallery.

The struggle between the United States and its allies against terrorist groups and individuals motivated by Islamic extremism thrusts SSA forward as a front in the global conflict. The author assesses that a fundamental and dangerous misunderstanding of SSA may be leading U.S. policy astray, and recommends a new grand strategic approach to U.S. counterterrorism policy.

Read or download the entire e-book for free at the US Army Strategic Studies Institute link below:

U.S. Counterterrorism in Sub-Saharan Africa: Understanding Costs, Cultures, and Conflicts, by Dr. Conovan C. Chau.

NATO’s New Significant Threats

September 5, 2008

Naval Calendar 2009

Naval Calendar 2009

The Naval Calendar 2009 published by TEAMultimedia features 13 thrilling images of US and allied warships. The Naval Calendar 2009 is available for only $ 19.99, exclusively through the online PatriArt Gallery.

by Claude Salhani (UPI)

In a rapidly changing world where terrorism and the proliferation of nuclear weapons are replacing conventional enemies, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization is finding that it needs to reinvent itself in order to address what it has identified as “significant threats.”

In the aftermath of the Cold War, NATO has entered a most challenging period of transformation, forced to adapt not only to the realities of a changed Europe but also those of a changed and changing world, said Richard Prosen, from the U.S. State Department’s Office of European Security and Political Affairs.

To face the challenges of the future, NATO is taking bold steps to complete its transformation from what was a “static reactive alliance focused on territorial defense” when it trained to deter the Soviet military “to an expeditionary proactive global security alliance,” said Prosen.

Indeed, in a post-Sept. 11 world, NATO found it had to reorganize itself and change its very foundation to take on rising threats facing the West. For the first time since its inception the alliance undertook a mission outside its traditional area of operations, deploying forces in Afghanistan to combat the Taliban.

This has proven to be a difficult mission, with several members of the alliance showing reluctance to commit troops in a conflict where resistance is rising and casualties are expected. Just two weeks ago, France, which is not part of the NATO military command, suffered 10 fatalities when a military patrol fell into an ambush.

At the same time as having to fight terrorism, NATO is facing a resurgence of what some analysts see as possible Russian expansionism, as was demonstrated by the manner in which Moscow handled the recent crisis in the Caucasus.

How will NATO cope with those challenges? Will the alliance remain steadfast? Will Turkey, a Muslim nation and an important NATO member given its geographic location straddling Europe, Central Asia and the Middle East, remain faithful to the organization, or will it be tempted to jump ship and side with its closer neighbor, Russia? The continuing delay imposed on Turkey in joining the European Union could play on Turkish sentiments.

So just how serious is the current threat to the Western alliance emanating both from terrorism and Russia?

Read the entire article

Charleston Airmen Deploy For War on Terror

September 3, 2008
C-17 Globemaster III

C-17 Globemaster III

A United States Air Force C-17 Globemaster III airlifter banks above the Arthur Ravenel Bridge over the Cooper River in Charleston, South Carolina. The C-17 is assigned to Charleston Air Force Base. Proudly wear this Charleston AFB C-17 Globemaster III on a tee-shirt or tank-top, or get the C-17 souvenir beer stein. Find these and more online at The Military Chest.

More than 130 Charleston Air Force Base Airmen deployed Aug. 27 to a forward-deployed location in Southwest Asia to support operations Enduring Freedom and Iraqi Freedom.

Members of the 15th Airlift Squadron, 437th Operations Support Squadron and 437th Maintenance Group will fly and manage missions in and out of Iraq and Afghanistan. 

The squadron will assume control of the 816th Expeditionary Airlift Squadron from the 14th Airlift Squadron based out of Charleston AFB, who will return home.

Lt. Col. John Lamontagne, the 15th AS commander, said there was no question about the importance of what they were getting ready to do and he thanked the members of the 15th AS for their efforts in getting ready to deploy.

“I am very proud to deploy with this squadron,” said Colonel Lamontagne. “They have worked very hard in preparation for this deployment, and although it will be difficult to leave our families behind, I know the squadron will execute the mission well. I also know our spouse network, in conjunction with the base services, will take care of our family members left behind.”

Their deployment marks the seventh time an entire Charleston AFB C-17 Globemaster III squadron has deployed for an operation.

Members of the 15th AS will perform combat airlift missions of personnel and equipment, airdrop resupply missions for troops in remote areas and aeromedical evacuation missions during this deployment, Colonel Lamontagne said.

Paul Kilgannon (AFPN)

Army Troops: More Time at Home, More Time to Train

August 29, 2008

Dwell time for Soldiers between deployments is expected to increase to 17 months next year, and almost to 24 months by 2011, said Army Chief of Staff Gen. George W. Casey Jr. He said this will allow the National Training Center to once again focus on “conventional operations” and not just counter-insurgency training.

Gen. Casey made his remarks during an interview outside the town of Medina Jabal in the National Training Center’s range area, “the box,” during a visit to NTC (Fort Irwin, CA) Aug. 14.

Changing training scenarios

Gen. Casey said that one of the main things he did during his visit was to speak with Brig. Gen. Dana J.H. Pittard, commanding general, National Training Center and Fort Irwin, about adjusting NTC training scenarios.

This adjustment, Casey said, would involve including “major conventional operations training” as well as “irregular warfare training” at NTC over the next couple of years, as Soldiers spend more time at home and not deployed.

“And we’re already starting the planning to reset the scenarios and the OPFOR [opposing force], so that we can do that,” Casey said.

“What I’ve seen now across the Army. We are a combat-seasoned force. Some of the battalions out here-60, 70, 80 percent-combat veterans, Gen. Casey said. “And so they know how to fight. And right now, we’re focused on irregular warfare. And a lot of the skills that they have are directly transferable to…major conventional operations.”

“We won’t flinch on making sure that our Soldiers have the best possible training and equipment to succeed in whatever war we send them into, and that’s what’s happening here every day,” Casey said.

Force stretched

In his first 16 months as chief of staff, Casey said he and his wife have traveled extensively around the Army.

“It is very clear to us that the Families are stretched,” Casey said. “That the whole force is stretched. There’s no denying that. What we’re asking of our Families is far different than anything that I have seen in my career up to now.”

“And I think while the next two years will continue to be hard,” he said “over time we’ll gradually build ourselves out of this.”

Realism at NTC

Gen. Casey – who was in Iraq as recently as July and served as the commander of Multi-National Forces-Iraq between July 2004 and February 2007 – said he was struck by the NTC’s realism.

“And I must admit when I walked down the street the first time, the hair stood up on the back of my neck, because it was so real,” Gen. Casey said. “We’ve made a quantum advance just in the year plus since I’ve been here.”

Force of future
The general said that the Army is building a versatile force that can operate “from peacetime engagements to major conventional operations and every place in between.”

The Army, Gen. Casey said, is “well on our way” to meeting the goal set by President George W. Bush in 2007 to increase the size of the Army by 74,000.

“That will allow us to build more brigades, which means, with more brigades, the ones that we have, go [are deployed] less,” Gen. Casey said.

The conversion of the Army over the last several years to a modular, brigade-based force is now 70 percent complete, Gen. Casey said. By the end of fiscal year 2011, the conversion to these modular units will be 98 percent complete, he said.

“The transformation is a holistic effort,” the general said, “and we’re changing, basically, what was a Cold War Army before September 11th to a versatile, disciplined force that can operate across the spectrum of conflict in countries.”

Training and versatility

Gen. Casey said that the time he spent in Iraq changed his views on the relationship between training and the versatility of the force.

“When I was a divisional commander in Germany in ’99 to 2001, if you had asked me where I should optimize my training on the spectrum of conflict so I could be the most versatile, I would have said, If I can do conventional war, I can do anything.

“After 32 months in Iraq, I don’t believe that…mostly the Soldiers that have been to Iraq and Afghanistan don’t believe that, either. There’s enough difference, some fundamental differences between irregular warfare and major conventional warfare that we need to…be more versatile,” Gen. Casey said.

Funding Family programs

Gen. Casey said that the Army is “put[ting] our money where our mouth is” in terms of providing programs for Soldiers and their Families to improve their quality of life.

The general said that Families were seeking funding and standardization. “First thing they said, ‘Look general, we don’t need a bunch of fancy new programs. You need to standardize the ones you have. Fund the ones you have and standardize them across the installations.'”

The Army recognized the needs of Soldiers and their Families, the general said, by establishing the Army Family Covenant in October 2007. The Army Family Covenant addresses needs relating to healthcare, housing, education and employment.

“We committed ourselves to ratcheting up the level of support that we’re giving to Soldiers and Families,” Casey said. “We doubled the amount of money that we’re putting towards Soldier and Family programs.” The Army spent $1.4 billion on these programs in 2007 and is spending $1.7 billion in 2008, he said.

Message to Soldiers

To Soldiers deployed in Iraq, Afghanistan and around the world, Casey said the following:

“I thank them for their sacrifice and for what they’re doing for this country. They are making a difference at a very critical time in our country’s history. And they are being successful at it.

“And I believe firmly that the efforts we’re making in Iraq and Afghanistan are allowing us to deal with the terrorist threat there and not here. And it’s the men and women of the armed forces that are making that possible, supported by their Families.”

(Robert Abrams is editor of the “High Desert Warrior” newspaper at Fort Irwin, Calif.)

Aggressive Russia Could Cause Major Problems for US

August 23, 2008
Aviation Calendar 2009

Aviation Calendar 2009

The military Aviation Calendar 2009 published by TEAMultimedia.com is available exclusively online through our PatriArt Gallery. Visit the PatriArt Gallery to see all 13 thrilling images of US and allied warplanes in the 2009 edition of our military Aviation Calendar.

 The president of Syria spent two days this week in Russia with a shopping list of sophisticated weapons he wanted to buy. The visit may prove a worrisome preview of things to come.

If Russia’s invasion of Georgia ushers in a sustained period of renewed animosity with the West, Washington fears that a newly emboldened but estranged Moscow could use its influence, money, energy resources, United Nations Security Council veto and, yes, its arms industry to undermine American interests around the world.

Although Russia has long supplied arms to Syria, it has held back until now on providing the next generation of surface-to-surface missiles. But the Syrian president, Bashar al-Assad, made clear that he was hoping to capitalize on rising tensions between Moscow and the West when he rushed to the resort city of Sochi to meet with his Russian counterpart, Dmitri A. Medvedev.

The list of ways a more hostile Russia could cause problems for the United States extends far beyond Syria and the mountains of Georgia. In addition to escalated arms sales to other anti-American states like Iran and Venezuela, policy makers and specialists in Washington envision a freeze on counterterrorism and nuclear nonproliferation cooperation, manipulation of oil and natural gas supplies, pressure against United States military bases in Central Asia and the collapse of efforts to extend cold war-era arms control treaties.

“It’s Iran, it’s the U.N., it’s all the counterterrorism and counternarcotics programs, Syria, Venezuela, Hamas — there are any number of issues over which they can be less cooperative than they’ve been,” said Angela E. Stent, who served as the top Russia officer at the United States government’s National Intelligence Council until 2006 and now directs Russian studies at Georgetown University. “And of course, energy.”

Read the full article at the New York Times